What is a ventilated laboratory oven?

Laboratory ovens are standard equipment found in most clinical, forensic, electronics, material processing and research laboratories. They provide uniform and precise temperature control for functions such as heating, baking, evaporating, sterilising and other industrial laboratory functions.

Laboratory oven temperatures typically range from ambient to above 300°C. They are available in gravity (natural), mechanical (forced) convection, and vacuum pump for routine heating and drying applications. For labs with temperature uniformity, stability and accuracy requirements, advanced protocol ovens are available to meet such demanding requirements.

This article will cover the specific applications and functions that require a high temperature oven, how a ventilated laboratory oven works, and what Froilabo has to offer.

What applications and industries are laboratory ovens used for?

Laboratory ovens are used in a wide range of applications in industries such as biotech, pharmaceuticals and materials manufacturing. These industries often require the process of baking, curing, annealing and drying materials of varying chemical and physical compositions. Many of these process applications are unique in their end-result and therefore require assorted types of lab ovens.

Standard use for lab ovens includes many testing and troubleshooting processes such as these:

  • The heating and drying of glassware or autoclaving lab supplies for sterilisation purposes
  • Material testing to determine tensile strength, deformation and resiliency of manufactured products, solder strength in circuit boards and more.
  • Electronics testing
  • Burn-in test for detecting early failures in manufactured integrated circuits
  • Solder strength testing in circuit boards

Specialised use of lab ovens are done in biological, forensic and environmental labs. The natural sciences utilise laboratory ovens to advance the pace of research in the following ways:

  • Forensic labs use specially configured vacuum ovens as fingerprint development chambers
  • Biological laboratories employ gravity convection ovens for removal of microbiological contaminants in labware and vacuum ovens for adhering substrates to the surface of filters and other media.
  • Environmental laboratories often dry specimens in laboratory ovens, weighing the samples before and after drying, to determine the moisture content of the sample.

What are the main uses of laboratory ovens?

Laboratory ovens can be used for the following functions, depending on the process required for the application.


The process of annealing involves the heating and then slow cooling of materials such as glass or steel, in order to reduce internal stresses and increase ductility. A high temperature oven is used in this process, often in the application of metallurgy, medical device manufacturing and material science industries. The annealed materials can be cut and shaped more readily to be used in the production of items such as syringes and catheters.


Curing involves the hardening of a chemical composition of a substance through the combination of drying and baking. This process is often used for the manufacturing of epoxies, glues, plastics and rubber in polymer research, nanotechnology and semiconductor industries.


Drying is the removal of moisture from a sample, which is necessary for many environmental, biological and clinical labs. Forced air and vacuum ovens are used to dry samples that are easily broken down, as these remove moisture and lower the boiling point of water which lets the sample dry at a lower temperature.

Gravity convection ovens are often used to dry fine particles as these are liable to scatter with high air flow and need a more natural airflow to protect them


Sterilising involves the removal of bacteria or microorganisms and is commonly used to sterilise laboratory equipment. Laboratory ovens can be used to sterilise lab equipment and glassware. The ideal temperature needs to be at least 160°C, with contents monitored at this heat for 45 to 60 minutes.

A slow cooling period is then required, as removing items from the oven straight away can cause them to crack, while the gradual cooling prevents potentially harmful air from entering the oven. The items then need to be dried using a temperature of 60°C.

How does a laboratory oven work?

In a forced air convection oven, which is also called a mechanical convection oven, an integrated fan actively moves the air inside the chamber, which results in an even temperature distribution throughout the chamber and provides rapid heat up and recovery time.

The benefits of this type of oven includes the fact that it leads to reproducible results and that there is a much faster drying process when opening the door, which means that the temperature will recover to the set temperature faster.  

Vacuum ovens, which are also known as drying ovens, are used to remove moisture from objects without cooking them. The heat is produced from the side walls and requires an external vacuum pump to provide a low-pressure environment which minimizes oxidation during drying.

In gravity convection ovens, hot air naturally rises when it expands and become less dense than the air around it. These ovens provide a low-cost alternative to forced convection ovens.

What is the difference between an incubator and an oven?

The difference between an incubator and an oven may at first not be obvious. The two instruments both produce heat and are typically set within a boxlike casing.

However, the difference is that an oven produces temperatures typically ranging from 93.3 to 316 degrees Celsius, while an incubator typically ranges from 15.6 to 48.9 degrees Celsius.

Introduction to Froilabo’s high temperature ovens

At Froilabo, our range of high temperature ovens are designed to meet all applications up to 250°C. To adapt to specific requirements, Froilabo offers a wide range of industrial ovens from 60L up to 714 litres.

Our range of Air Performance industrial ovens has been developed to meet applications that require speed, precision and homogeneity. It is particularly suitable for drying, sterilization and thermal tests. Furthermore, its high efficiency turbine saves valuable time. Our laboratory ovens are ventilated and designed for precision thermal testing of ambient temperature +10°C to +250°C.

The air expert range of ovens, designed on the basis of the Air Performance model, includes a set of functions allowing optimisation and permanent control of the enclosure. A programmable controller and a standard wall passage are also available. The air performance range has a large volume of up to 714 litres to suit all your needs.

Contact us for more information about Froilabo’s Laboratory Ovens

If you would like to find out more about Froilabo’s range of laboratory ovens or to inquire about pricing, please don’t hesitate to get in touch with a member of our team today.

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